Planning is one of the executive functions of the brain, encompassing the neurological processes involved in the formulation, evaluation and selection of a sequence of thoughts and actions to achieve a desired goal. A plan is like a map. Planning combines forecasting with preparation of scenarios and how to react to them.

In organizations, planning is a management process, concerned with defining goals for company’s future direction and determining on the missions and resources to achieve those targets. To meet the goals, managers may develop plans such as a business plan or a marketing plan. Planning always has a purpose. The purpose may be achievement of certain goals or targets.

Planning combines forecasting with preparation of scenarios and how to react to them.
Planning combines forecasting with preparation of scenarios and how to react to them.

It is a conscious as well as sub-conscious activity. It is “an anticipatory decision making process” that helps in coping with complexities. It is deciding future course of action from amongst alternatives. It is a process that involves making and evaluating each set of interrelated decisions. It is selection of missions, objectives and “translation of knowledge into action.”

Defining Goals

Planning combines forecasting with preparation of scenarios and how to react to them. A specific area within the mid-dorsolateral frontal cortex located in the frontal lobe has been implicated as playing an intrinsic role in both cognitive planning and associated executive traits such as working memory.

In organizations, planning is a management process, concerned with defining goals for company’s future direction and determining on the missions and resources to achieve those targets. To meet the goals, managers may develop plans such as a business plan or a marketing plan. Planning always has a purpose. The purpose may be achievement of certain goals or targets.

To meet the goals, managers may develop plans such as a business plan or a marketing plan. Planning always has a purpose.

Disruption of the neural pathways, via various mechanisms such as traumatic brain injury, or the effects of neurodegenerative diseases between this area of the frontal cortex and the basal ganglia specifically the striatum (cortico-striatal pathway), may disrupt the processes required for normal planning function.

It is a conscious as well as sub-conscious activity. It is “an anticipatory decision making process” that helps in coping with complexities. It is deciding future course of action from amongst alternatives. It is a process that involves making and evaluating each set of interrelated decisions. It is selection of missions, objectives and “translation of knowledge into action.”

A specific area within the mid-dorsolateral frontal cortex located in the frontal lobe has been implicated as playing an intrinsic role in both cognitive planning and associated executive traits such as working memory. Planning combines forecasting with preparation of scenarios and how to react to them.

Source: Wikipedia.

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